Armistice Day. 11.11.1918, 11 a.m. The moment the guns fell silent on all fronts of the First World War

11.11.1918, at 11 a.m. This is the moment when the guns fell silent on all fronts of the First World War.

After several years of fighting, the armistice signed by Germany and representatives of the Entente in a wagon at Compi├Ęgne, France, comes into effect.

From 1914 to 1918, the first major armed conflict of the 20th century, the First World War, took place in Europe, which mobilized around 70 million soldiers and caused around 20 million deaths, plus around 20 million wounded and many missing.

The pretext that provoked the outbreak of war was the assassination, on June 28, 1914, of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife by a Serbo-Bosnian nationalist opposing Austro-Hungarian imperialism in the Balkans, according to Agerpres.

In the days following the assassination, a complicated mechanism of agreements led to a rapid expansion of the conflict, in which all the world powers were engaged, divided into two opposing camps.

We had on one side the powers of Central Europe, namely the Triple Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy, the latter then changing sides), which was then joined by Turkey and Bulgaria, and other the Triple Entente (Russia, France and Great Britain), joined by Japan in August 1914 and finally the USA in April 1917.

At the end of the war, four major European empires, namely the German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman Empires were defeated militarily and politically. But while the German and Russian empires lost many territories, the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires completely disappeared. In turn, Great Britain, France and Italy took the lead in Europe, while the United States became the world’s leading power.

The Great War redrew the map of Europe, generated the seeds of dangerous right and left totalitarian ideologies in Europe and created the premises for the outbreak of the Second World War, being perhaps the most important in the 20th century. .

The red poppy, symbol of the First World War

The red poppy is a symbol used to mark the armistice that ended hostilities during the First World War.

The association between the red poppy and the battlefields of World War I was written in 1915 by Canadian military physician John McCrae, who composed the poem “In Flanders Fields” in memory of his friend Alexis Helmer. Flanders Fields is a common English term given to World War I battlefields in Belgium and France.

In Flanders Fields by John McCrae

“In the fields of Flanders, the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row upon row
That mark our place, and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Barely heard among the guns below
We are the dead, a few days ago
We’ve lived, felt the dawn, seen the sunset shine
Loved and been loved, and now we lie
In the fields of Flanders In the fields of Flanders
And now we lie in the fields of Flanders
Take our quarrel with the enemy:
To you failing hands we throw
The torch, be yours to hold it high
If you break faith with us dying
We won’t sleep, even if the poppies grow
In the fields of Flanders In the fields of Flanders
We won’t sleep, even if the poppies grow
In the fields of Flanders In the fields of Flanders”

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